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To follow is a list of primary research and well-researched articles that have informed this website and the Breaking Free from Sugar program.


Chronic inflammatory diseases are stimulated by current lifestyle: how diet, stress levels and medication prevent our body from recovering

Does Sugar Cause Inflammation in the Body? – Healthline

Sugar sweetened beverages and cardiometabolic health

The Downside of Having a Sweet Tooth – NY Times

Sugar Industry Long Downplayed Potential Harms

Effect of Dietary Sugar Intake on Biomarkers of Subclinical Inflammation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Intervention Studies

Immune aging and how to combat it

Food and mood: how do diet and nutrition affect mental wellbeing?

High blood sugar of diabetes can cause immune system malfunction, triggering infection

Diabetes and Cognitive Impairment 

With Cancer, Eating Sugar Is a ‘Double Danger’

Stress and Eating Behaviors

Systemic Inflammation Mediates Age-Related Cognitive Deficits

Carbohydrate nutrition and inflammatory disease mortality in older adults

Gut microbiota, intestinal permeability, obesity-induced inflammation, and liver injury

The effects of diet on inflammation: emphasis on the metabolic syndrome

High glycemic index diet as a risk factor for depression: analyses from the Women’s Health Initiative

A high-fat, refined sugar diet reduces hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neuronal plasticity, and learning

Short-term exposure to a diet high in fat and sugar, or liquid sugar, selectively impairs hippocampal-dependent memory, with differential impacts on inflammation

Dietary sugars inhibit biologic functions of the pattern recognition molecule, mannose-binding lectin

Role of sugars in human neutrophilic phagocytosis

The value of what’s to come: Neural mechanisms coupling prediction error and the utility of anticipation

Looking forward, looking back: Anticipation is more evocative than retrospection

The impact of anticipating positive events on responses to stress

Well-being and the anticipation of future positive experiences: The role of income, social networks, and planning ability

How Giving Up Refined Sugar Changed My Brain

Why Ice Cream Chases the Blues Away

Debunking the Myth of Heart-Healthy Oils

The Recommended Daily Added Sugar Intake

Nutritive and Nonnutritive Sweetener Resources

Added sugars: Don’t get sabotaged by sweeteners

CSPI Letter Asking that FDA Act Against Misleading and Unauthorized Sugar Claims Is Followed by Class Action Complaint

A Shadowy Industry Group Shapes Food Policy Around the World

How the Sugar Industry Shifted Blame to Fat

Effects of Sweeteners on the Gut Microbiota: A Review of Experimental Studies and Clinical Trials

Added Sugar Can Lead to Long-Term Health Problems

High-glycemic index carbohydrate increases nuclear factor-kappaB activation in mononuclear cells of young, lean healthy subjects

Comparison with ancestral diets suggests dense acellular carbohydrates promote an inflammatory microbiota, and may be the primary dietary cause of leptin resistance and obesity

Low to moderate sugar-sweetened beverage consumption impairs glucose and lipid metabolism and promotes inflammation in healthy young men: a randomized controlled trial

Intense Sweetness Surpasses Cocaine Reward 

Sugar alters brain chemistry after only 12 days

Do Diet Drinks Hinder Weight Loss and Contribute to Belly Fat?

How to Build Healthy Habits – NY Times

Stress-induced reliance on habitual behavior is moderated by cortisol reactivity

Effects of mindfulness meditation on serum cortisol of medical students

Intakes and sources of dietary sugars and their association with metabolic and inflammatory markers

Here’s How Stress and Inflammation Are Linked

Quick-start guide to an anti‑inflammation diet

Lack of sleep: Can it make you sick?

Allergy and the gastrointestinal system

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